Military Air Installation -- FAQ
- What is a military air installation noise zone and/or accident potential zone?
- In Virginia the seller is required to provide to the buyer with a disclosure that the property is located within a military zone that is considered a noise hazard or nuisance or a possible locality for military accidents. These zones are designated by official maps that each locality possesses.
The Department of Defense (DoD) provides noise zones as a planning tool
for local planning agencies.
DoD measures noise exposure using the day-night average sound levels (DNL). The DNL noise metric averages noise events that occur over a 24-hour period. Aircraft operations conducted at night (10:00 p.m. to 7:00 a.m.) are weighted because people are more sensitive to noise during normal sleeping hours when ambient noise levels are lower.
Accident Potential Zones (APZ) are areas that the DOD have determined an aircraft accident is likely to occur if one occurs. Clear Zone areas are included in this designation. Due to their proximity to military bases, APZ areas are concentrated in the higher AICUZ noise zones. The DOD provides these areas along with noise zone areas to local land use agencies to act as a planning tool.
- What does the Residential Property Disclosure form say?
- The owner of residential real property located in any locality in which a military air installation is located shall disclose to the purchaser whether the subject parcel is located in a noise zone or accident potential zone, or both, if so designated on the official zoning map by the locality in which the property is located on a form provided by the Real Estate Board. Such disclosure shall state the specific noise zone or accident potential zone, or both, in which the property is located according to the official zoning map.
- Why is this information important?
- Military air installations are located in selected area of the state, buyers may want to know this information to understand if the property is exposed to the noise of jets as well as the risk of harm and death from the possibility of an air-vehicle crash.